Have you ever heard the expression “feminism”? It may have been on television, in a book, in a conversation with your group of friends, or even in an internet post. With the popularization of social networks as an information and dissemination tool for social movements, “feminism” is a word that is increasingly present in our daily lives.
If you don't know what that word means, there's no reason to be ashamed. It's never too late to learn! To yourself on the social movements that occur in the world and to stay on top of everything that is discussed in the public sphere, abandon common sense and develop a critical opinion about feminism, female empowerment and sorority. Check out!
What is feminism?
Feminism is a Western social movement that aims to promote equality between men and women in society, so that a person has the same opportunities and the same living conditions, regardless of gender.
Another important social movement, but still little discussed, is womanism. Unlike feminism, womanism is an African social movement that analyzes the oppression of gender and race that black women suffer, being even more comprehensive than feminism.
It is important to note that, although it is very much pointed out in many virtual discussions, there is no “feminist” movement that would place women as superior to men. There is no social movement that aims to be the opposite of machismo, which ensures that men are superior to women in all aspects.
Origin of the feminist movement
Feminism as a social movement, as we know it today, is a recent manifestation. However, since before the organization of the feminist movement, there were women who discussed issues such as female empowerment and sorority. Because they are not part of the movement itself, they are called protofeminists.
Cristina de Pisano is an example of a protofeminist, since she denounced the differences in the relationship between genders in the books “O Livro da Cidade das Damas” (1405) and “Epistle to the God of Love” (1401), even before feminism have been defined that way.
In XVII, feminism was not yet a consolidated social movement, but it was possible to observe some ideas for the benefit of women, such as the defense of rights for them, at the time of the Enlightenment, when the valorization of reason prevailed over religion.
Later, in XIX, the feminist movement started to be organized and recognized. Until the beginning of the 20th century, in this way, the first wave of feminism took place, in which women defended women's suffrage (women's right to vote for their political representatives) and labor and educational rights for that gender.
Once women had the right to vote, and many of them could already study and work, there was still a long way to go. Women were seen as citizens and society came to understand that they were not only used to care for children and the home, but also had the ability to study, learn and work. What needed to improve?
The second wave of the feminist movement began in 1960 and ended in 1980, when feminism began to analyze the differences between women and men in cultural formation, in legislation and in the role they play in society. It was not enough to win rights, it was necessary for the population to change the way they saw women, so that they could exercise their own wills without suffering retaliation.
The third feminist wave took place the 1980s to the 2000s, as a way of repairing the problems that already exist in society and to further study what should be achieved for women. To this day, there are still a number of stereotypes about what a woman should look like, indicating that the fight is not over.
Image of several women marching for their rights at an event on International Women's Day celebrates March.