The caste system in India is a model of organization of society in class division based on religious precepts.
In this system, the stratification of society occurs according to the birth of the individual in a given family.
This belief is based on the book Veda, which would be the sacred scripture for Hindus. Therefore, whoever is born in a lower caste is paying for the sins of the past life and must accept his karma.
The Indian or Hindu caste system is characterized by heredity and stratification.
The division into hereditary castes and came up with the Hindu religion, but it was abolished by the Indian government in 1947, when it gained independence.
In society, especially in the countryside, the caste system remains because practitioners believe that caste change is disrespectful. In this way, marriages of people of different castes are prohibited.
Even friendships and working relationships are defined through the caste to which the person belongs.
Characteristics of Hindu varieties
Initially, there were four well-defined grape varieties, but currently, it is estimated that these can reach up to 4 thousand.
The castes are passed father to son and each has its gods, its territory and its territory.
Likewise, the color of the skin was essential to determine the caste to which a person belonged. Individuals with the lightest skin tone were linked to privileged castes.
Below you can see the four main grape varieties in India.
Compared to the gods, the highest caste is formed by the Brahmins who are priests, teachers and philosophers. Brahmins believe that the head of the god Brahma was born.
Below are the Xátrias, the military and members of the administration. Supposedly, they would have been born arms of the god Brahma, so they are considered warriors.
Below are the Vaixás, who think they were born the legs of Brahma and act as traders and merchants.
Finally, the Sudras, who would have come the god's feet, are workers, artisans and peasants.
Apart the caste system are the untouchables, also called haridhans, haryans and, finally, dalits. The Indians believe that the Dalits are the result of the dust on Brahma's feet.
This group represents about 16% of Indians and they suffer all the cruelty imposed by the caste system. They can only wear clothes that were corpses, they cannot drink the same water sources as those protected by the caste system, and they can only perform activities considered dirty, such as dealing with garbage or corpses.
They are considered impure, live in isolation and in extreme poverty. Barred moving up the social ladder as a result of heredity, they are not considered to be human beings. Dalits suffer all kinds of violence, in addition to social, physical and sexual violence.
One of the people who struggled to give the Dalits a more dignified life was the religious Mother Teresa of Calcutta, as well as the Buddhists, who reject this caste system.