Since 2017, Beijing is suspected to have detained around one million Uighurs and other Muslims in Xinjiang
Amnesty International asked the UN (United Nations) to investigate China for mass detention, surveillance and torture against minorities in Xinjiang province, in the northwest of the Asian country. In a report published on Thursday (10), the NGO points to crimes against humanity committed by Chinese Uighurs, Kazakhs and other Muslims.
In the 166-page document, Amnesty claims that minorities in the region suffer torture, unfair detention and other deprivations of physical freedom. The text follows a similar set of recent findings by Human Rights Watch.
It should shock humanity's conscience that large numbers of people have been subjected to brainwashing, torture and other degrading treatment in internment camps. Millions more live in fear amid high surveillance,” said Amnesty International Secretary General Agnès Callamard.
Report author Jonathan Loeb told a news conference that the organization's research “only scratches the surface,” implying that the situation is worse than is known, reported the British BBC.
over a million
Since 2017, Beijing is suspected to have detained around one million Uighurs and other Muslims in Xinjiang. Physical and psychological tortures are reported inside prisons and detention camps in the region.
The Asian country is accused of using forced sterilization, abortion and population transfer to reduce birth rates and population density in the province. Religious leaders are also targeted, with the intention of breaking sacred and cultural traditions.
China denies these allegations and says its camps in Xinjiang are voluntary and counter-terrorism programs in the region.
In March, the European Union (EU), the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada imposed sanctions on the Chinese authorities for the alleged abuses. Beijing responded by imposing retaliatory boycotts on lawmakers, researchers and institutions.
The US and the parliaments of the UK, Canada, the Netherlands and Lithuania also passed resolutions declaring China's actions in Xinjiang “genocide”.
However, one of the obstacles to opening an international investigation is the fact that the Asian country is not a signatory to the International Criminal Court (ICC). China also has veto power in the International Court of Justice if it goes to trial.